Monopoly is one of the most popular board games in the world that attracts both young kids and adult players. Different countries have their own versions of the game, but all of them follow the same rules. Monopoly has been printed in more than 100 countries and over 38 languages. It is part of international popular culture with many spin-offs.
The origin of Monopoly
What’s interesting about Monopoly is that it had a completely different purpose when it was created. In 1903, Elizabeth Magie, a US game designer, invented a game called “The Landlord’s Game”, which later came to be known as Monopoly. The aim of creating this game was not to make money or spread fun; in fact, the first Monopoly game was a teaching aid. Elizabeth Magie was a Georgist and she wanted to teach common people the economic principles and theories proposed by Henry George. Since the level of education in 1904 was not so high, she thought that maybe a game could serve as an example and would help people understand those principles better than an economics professor. The game was supposed to demonstrate how rents could make landowners rich and tenants poor, showing people the cause of their unfair position.
The rules of the game
Monopoly’s original revolutionary nature has been lost over time. Today this is a game that brings a lot of fun. It is played with a six-sided dice on a game board that is divided into fields. The fields represent properties that can be bought and developed. Players pick their avatars and decide who plays the role of the bank. The bank gives every player a certain amount of in-game money. Players throw the dice and move as many fields as the dice shows. Each player has a chance to buy the property on the field where he stops and every time other players land on the field, they have to give him some money. Players also have a possibility to build houses and hotels on their property, thus making other players pay more money when they step on that field. Players can also trade their property with the others. The goal of the game is to make your opponents go bankrupt.
There are four special fields as well:
Chance and Community Chest- if you step on this field, you draw a card that has some special effect;
Go to Jail – if you step on this field, you are moved to the Jail field where you must wait until you roll a six;
Parking – a field that cannot be bought by any player;
Go – every time you cross this field, you get some money from the bank.